Structure of a free society
Rough draft (based on books "Cult of Freedom" and "Money oy Love")
1 Basic principles
1.1 Separation of the private and the public spheres
A free society separates the private (personal) and the social (public) spheres of life. The private sphere is personal relationships, including family, as well as personal tastes, beliefs and traditions. The public sphere is relations between strangers, as well as formal relationships. The public sphere does not allow personal, informal relationships (customs, collusion, mutual services, friendship, nepotism, ethnic group or ideological solidarity). This is the realm of full disclosure, laws and trust. The private sphere does not allow interference by society. It is completely hidden from outsiders. Personal information may be opened only with the consent of the private person to eliminate mistrust in case of reasonable suspicion of violating the law.
1.2 Principles of the public sphere
The basis and the goal of human activity in the public sphere is full freedom of the individual, which means the absence of any kind of violence, both individual and group. In practice, freedom is realized by the Social Contract, prohibiting violence. Everything that is not forbidden by the contract is permitted. The contract fairly takes into account the interests of all members of society. The result of the contract are the laws (formal norms), mandatory for all participants in the public sphere.
A free man is guided by (objective) ethics. The core of ethics is a personal sense of morality, which allows to see and reject violence, to form personal views about justice, to maintain dignity in situations of violence. Personal subjectivity is neutralized in the process of the contract and agreement with similar free people. The process of the contract consists of two parts - drawing up the contract and following the contract. Drawing up the contract implies neutrality and objectivity. Errors in the contract are corrected by a subsequent contract. Following the contract means flawless execution of all social norms and intolerance to its violation by others. The rule of law is the basis of the effective functioning of the public sphere.
At the heart of the formal norms of society (the law) is Constitution. Since moral intuitions cannot be unambiguously formulated, Constitution formulates only the principles referred to in paragraphs 1.1 and 1.2. All other laws clarify those principles.
2 Structure of the public sphere
The basic structure of society is the court which hears disputes, conflicts and violations of the law. Judges are selected from the most respected members of society and are subject to rotation. The elections are held by blind draw (ie random selection) from several candidates. All judges are equal. Making a particular decision requires the participation of at least two judges. The court's decisions are enforced by bailiffs, who have the right to initiate physical violence in the limits of judicial procedures. Judges may defer adjudication until the enactment of the clarifying laws if the existing law is at odds with the notions of freedom and justice. In this case, they initiate the development of new or modification of existing laws.
As part of the court, there is a notary office which registers contracts, court decisions and laws.
The legislature is People's Assembly held either continuously or periodically. Representatives are chosen by direct vote (or by lot) and may be withdrawn at any time. The purpose of the assembly is the consideration of the interests of all members of society. Legislature enacts laws only as needed - at the request of judges, organizations or members of the public. There are advisory councils and conciliation commissions at the assembly. Parties, blocks, fractions and the like political structures are prohibited.
The basic principle of the enactment of laws is a consensus of all participants. Consensus symbolizes the social contract. In case of failure to reach consensus, limited and temporary laws may be adopted which are reviewed in due course as a result of the practice of their enforcement.
2.3 Public goods
Executive power is absent. Addressing specific public tasks is performed by standing or temporary committees. Committees determine their own structure. The basic principle of their operation is complete openness. Committees may be established at the level of the whole society and at the local levels. The work of the committee involves all interested parties.
A committee gathers information, studies the functioning of society in its field of competence, identifies problems and offers practical solutions that lie within the existing laws. If necessary, a committee may initiate the adoption of new laws. Any decision of a committee may be challenged in court.
3 Standing committees
The objectives of the standing committees is to counteract specific types of violence. They also perform the function of a public prosecutor in the case if the victim does not want to do it.
3.1 Committee on physical violence.
The committee investigates cases of physical violence, including indirect (threats, deception); organizes the isolation of criminals from society (with the help of bailiffs).
3.2 Committee on economic violence.
The committee monitors the operation of the market and fair competition; identifies cases the concentration of economic power, market manipulation and the like; solves the issue of inheritance; is engaged in regard to equitable access to scarce resources.
3.3 Committee on financial violence.
The committee controls credit and regulates money supply accordingly to volume of values; oversees the work of banks and settlement / processing systems; counteracts financial speculation.
3.4 Committee on informational violence
The committee monitors the free flow of information, the means of communications and the mass coverage of the events; counteracts imposition of information, concentration of its sources, as well as psychological abuse (advertising, branding, emotional pressure).
3.5 Committee on ideological and moral violence
The committee prevents formation of ideologies, religions and social doctrines; is engaged in ideological neutralization of emerging social groups (parties, movements, sects) aimed at the seizure of power / indoctrination / manipulation; prevents the spread of personal beliefs on the public sphere.
3.6 Committee on education and ethics
The committee oversees the work of all the other structures of society. The function of the committee is to identify accidental and systematic violations of ethics, as well as to educate the public on ethics, freedom and justice starting from school.
4 Temporary committees
Temporary committees help society to meet the challenges of survival in the face of the current lack of ethics and external hostile environment.
4.1 Committee on science
The committee defines suitable areas of study and helps to raise funds for the long-term (non-market) research.
4.2 Committee on public health
The committee helps to organize a fair system of health and medical research.
4.3 Committee on defence
The committee is nvolved in the organization and provision of the armed forces in the case of external military threats.
4.4 Committee on foreign policy
The committee is dedicated to the protection of economic and cultural life of society from external threats.
5 Personal sphere
(to be filled)
6 Personal service
(to be filled)
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